The efficacy of therapeutic touch for improving functional ability in elders with degenerative arthritis.
University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, USA.
The purpose of this Rogerian study was to determine whether therapeutic touch improved functional ability in elders with
arthritis as compared to routine treatment and progressive muscle relaxation. Eighty-two non-institutionalized elders
were randomly assigned to therapeutic touch or progressive muscle relaxation treatments. Subjects served as their own
control for 4 weeks, then received six treatments at 1-week intervals. Pain, tension, mood, and satisfaction improved
after therapeutic touch and progressive muscle relaxation. Hand function improved after therapeutic touch; walking and
bending improved after progressive muscle relaxation. Functional ability was significantly different between the two
groups for mobility and hand function. Lower scores (indicating better function) were attained by the therapeutic touch